The NADAL® Trichomonas Vaginalis Test is a simple, one step chromatographic immunoassay for the rapid, qualitative detection of Trichomonas vaginalis in vaginal swab specimens.
This test is intended for use as an aid in the diagnosis of trichomoniasis and designed for professional use only.
Trichomoniasis is a common sexually transmitted infection, which occurs in both men and women, though symptoms are more common in women. It is caused by a protozoan parasite
called Trichomonas vaginalis. It is piriform and 7-30 μm long and has five flagella. The large nucleus is usually located at the wider, anterior end and contains many chromatin granules and a small karyosome. The cytoplasm also contains many granules, but these are often not seen in Giemsa-stained specimens.
The most common symptoms of trichomoniasis include:
• Discomfort during intercourse and urination (in both sexes)
• Frothy yellow-green vaginal discharge with a strong, unpleasant odour (in women)
• Irritation and itching of the genital area (in women)
• Rarely, trichomoniasis is associated with lower abdominal pain (in women)
In women, trichomoniasis infection is usually confined to the vagina. However occasionally the microorganisms can also invade the urinary tract and cause cystitis (inflammation of
the bladder). Trichomoniasis can be severe enough to cause an abnormal Pap smear, from which the microorganisms also can be detected, and can recur. Although Trichomonas vaginalis can cause small red lesions on the cervix, it does not invade the uterus or fallopian tubes, nor does it affect fertility. There is evidence to suggest that individuals with trichomoniasis
are at a higher risk for contracting HIV infection during sexual contact with an HIV-infected partner.